CFPB: Seniors Vulnerable in Financial Matters

CFPB: Seniors Vulnerable in Financial Matters

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Published on April 22, 2013 by
Categories: Credit Cards, Identity Theft Protection

A new study was released by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and says senior citizens are being left vulnerable to confusing and erratic financial lingo. As a result, some financial advisors are doing a disservice to them.

On Thursday, CFPB provided its recommendations to both the Securities and Exchange Commission as well as Congress. Among them, stricter training for financial advisors who are pitching different financial products to older Americans is strongly encouraged. With at least 50 so-called senior designations, clear enforcement and better oversight is needed for those who provide these services.

The report, “Senior Designations for Financial Advisors: Reducing Consumer Confusion and Risks”, includes a detailed breakdown of the findings, including Richard Cordray’s statements,

With such a bewildering array of titles and acronyms, it is no wonder that older Americans are confused and misled by these titles…Today’s report underscores the need for consistent high-level standards of training and conduct for those advisors who want to acquire a bona fide senior designation.

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The report also says too many times, senior citizens are targeted with the goal of enticing them to different financial products and services, partly because they can afford the sometimes costly products, partly due to their retirement savings, accumulated home equity, inheritances and other assets. They’re also less likely to have high credit card debt and fewer overall expenses. The report also notes that they are often in some degree of “cognitive decline” and as a result, their abilities to manage their finances might sometimes be lacking. One specific example in the report surrounds “free lunch seminars”.

Seniors are often invited with the hook that they’re attending an educational seminar that can help them prepare for their future. Instead, what often happens is they enter a highly charged atmosphere with aggressive efforts to sell different investment and financial products. And, too, there are extensive educational seminar attendance requirements that seniors are unprepared for,

Some senior designations may require rigorous college-level coursework while others may be acquired by attending a weekend seminar,

the CFPB said.

Another problem, according to the report, is found the overwhelming and confusing number of acronyms that are often used. These are often similar, which can make it difficult for some to keep up with. It’s also used by less than ethical advisors who capitalize on that vulnerability.

Key Observations

The report made it quite clear in what the CFPB found and what it expects from financial advisors. A few of those findings include:

  • Widespread confusion due to overwhelming requirements, acronyms and the senior designations
  • Too many in the financial services sectors carry too many overlapping titles and make no efforts of clarifying their true roles
  • Seniors are often overwhelmed from the beginning and are often confused by the fast talk and unclear roles of those pitching services and financial products.

During the investigation, regulators discovered that more than half of those offering these services to seniors used misleading advertising efforts. Plus, there were also instances of “unsuitable investment recommendations”; in fact, up to a quarter of the seminars were deemed unsuitable. Others were found to be operating in a fraudulent manner and many did not provide clear insight into the risks associated with any financial products. Still others liquidated, moved or otherwise “hid” accounts without the client’s knowledge. Too many were advertising educational workshops, only to realize they were sales seminars with the seniors the ones being targeted.

Fraud Artists

The report also says it increasingly found large numbers of investment advisers and brokers who market their wares to seniors are little more than “fraud artists” and “swindlers” who are preying on older Americans. They will often refer to themselves as experts in an effort of gaining the consumer’s trust. Also, titles were being used that included words like “certified” and “experts” when in fact, all they’re seeking to do is put forth the impression that they’re either educated or sincerely looking out for the welfare of their clients. Too many times, they’re nothing but marketing ploys.

Recommendations

So what does CFPB recommend? Plenty, actually. Those recommendations include:

  • Rigorous training standards for the approved use of senior designations
  • State and federal regulators putting more definitive criteria in place to protect older consumers
  • Increased enforcement of existing laws and stronger supervision
  • Clear up misleading advertisements

One Community’s Efforts

Not only that, but some cities are taking matters into their own hands as well.

This week, the St. Clair, Illinois Prosecuting Attorney’s Office of Victim Rights and the Council on Aging is using National Crime Victim’s Rights Week to focus on the challenges and solutions surrounding senior citizens and their finances. A seminar was held and the many ways elders were susceptible to financial abuse was outlined.

Victim Rights Coordinator Sheryl Eckert explained that our older citizens are especially prone to financial scams,

Crimes against seniors are significantly under-reported. They like their independence and don’t want to admit they were taken advantage of.

During the seminar, there were speakers who highlighted the many was seniors are separated from their money including one scheme where a fraudster duplicates the Internal Revenue Service website and sends a message that says someone will get “x” amount of dollars if they fill out the form. Too many times, the victims, usually older seniors, unknowingly provide their personal information, including their social security number, while filling out the fake form. It’s an easy mark for these criminals.

St. Clair County Detective Kelsey Wade was also a speaker at the seminar. She explained her goal was to “help this vulnerable adult community preserve financial well-being and make sure they sustain their quality of life.” She had her own warnings for seniors. One of those warnings included avoiding prize scams where the victims are told they’ve won an award or prize money, but that they must first send in a claim fee or other similar fee or charge before it can be released to them. She encourages the community’s seniors to conduct just a bit of research before agreeing to send money to anyone,

Always check with somebody first or call the sheriff’s department to verify it is valid,

she said.

Meanwhile, the county’s Sr. Assistant Prosecutor John Walke, spoke of wills and probate courts and specifically, the legal repercussions,

In elder abuse – from a legal perspective – one of the ways they make themselves vulnerable is because they don’t plan ahead, making some plans to protect themselves later on,

he said.

The counties also work with case managers that provide assistance in many different ways, including securing senior housing, lessons in financial literacy and how to deal with family members that steal either money, credit cards or identities from the older members of the family.

These efforts go a long way in communities; unfortunately, due to budget constraints, many municipalities are unable to conduct these types of seminars for their residents. Volunteer agencies often do what they can, but they too find themselves with trying to do so much with so little. At a minimum, though, some say even preparing a newsletter of sorts with different tips and recommendations, along with important phone numbers older consumers can use to protect themselves is a great start.

Does your community offer any of these seminars or resources? If so, let us know. We’d love to pass it on, especially considering the CFPB’s latest report.

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